Report: Biking increases use, efficiency of transit

Posted on April 27, 2011

[IMAGE]Utah-Bike-on-Bus-2.jpg[/IMAGE]A newly released study evaluates various ways to integrate bicycle riding with transit in a way that maximizes the cost-effective use of both travel modes. The report, “Bicycling Access and Egress to Transit: Informing the Possibilities” was conducted by the Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI).

In conducting the research, principal investigator Kevin J. Krizek, Ph.D., focused on five communities — Boulder/Denver, Colo.; Chicago; Ithaca, N.Y.; Portland, Ore.; and Santa Clara County, Calif. The results from seven focus groups within those communities also were included.

"When effectively integrated with transit services, bicycling can bring various benefits to communities and will likely increase the use and efficiency of both modes," said Dr. Krizek. "A core problem exists in that the predominant approach for this integration — that is, allowing bicycles aboard transit vehicles — frequently runs up against capacity restraints. Before we can successful integrate both modes on a broader scale, we must analyze a broad range of alternatives that considers the travel patterns and needs of individuals as well as the accompanying urban form characteristics."

To help develop a framework to evaluate the cost effectiveness of different strategies to address the problem, this project included three facets. First, it reviewed the current knowledge and, second, it proposed an analysis framework for communities and transit agencies to consider as they try to maximize bicycle and transit integration. Third, it conducted focus groups with cyclists from five case study communities to gauge integration strategy preferences.

A key part of the project was to develop a preliminary application to evaluate four integration strategies based on the focus group discussions and use of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). These evaluation measures were applied to the five communities.

The AHP ranked cyclists' preferences for four integration strategies in order of preference:

(1) "Bike on transit" (transporting the owner's bicycle aboard — inside or outside — the transit vehicle)

(2) "Bike to transit" (using and parking the owner's bicycle at a transit access location)

(3) "Shared bike" (sharing a bicycle, which would be based at either the transit access or egress point)

(4) "Two bikes" (using an owner's two bicycles at the access and egress location)

Results of the cost effectiveness assessment suggest that "Bike on transit" ranked most cost effective overall, followed by "Bike to transit," "Two bikes," and "Shared bike" strategies.

Much of the concern about the three lesser preferred options centers on security issues. Minor adjustments in terms of security could address the current challenge of "Bike on transit" capacity limitations and make the less cost effective strategies comparable to "Bike on transit."

This research revealed several examples of secure bicycle parking efforts. Chicago has built bicycle parking inside transit stations and several communities have integrated bicycle lockers as part of its bicycle parking. Boulder County is developing bicycle corrals at transit access and egress points as a way to increase transit ridership and reduce congestion on a state highway. These corrals provide an alternative to the "Bike on transit" capacity limitation problem while addressing security and weather concerns.

New approaches such as these may help to overcome the apparent challenges of security that plague the three less preferred strategies and help to increase bicycle and transit integration.

View comments or post a comment on this story. (0 Comments)

More News

Fla.'s JTA sets launch date for new BRT service

The 9.4 mile Green Line on the North Corridor will feature direct, high-frequency service; 18 branded stations; complimentary Wi-Fi, a Park-n-Ride lot, and real-time bus arrival information.

Canadian bus service to block Internet streaming

Some customers have reported slow internet service, while others couldn't connect at al, due to Internet streaming issues.

Nova Bus names new east coast regional sales manager

Prior to joinging Nova, John Manzi served as eastern regional transit sales manager for a major transmission manufacturer.

Shuttle, circulator routes drawing thousands of riders in Miami

These services carried more than eight million passengers last year in 27 municipalities and are praised by riders and public officials alike as successful transit programs.

Calif.'s VVTA unveils Google trip planner update, web app

VVTA staff coordinated with the county and cities to maintain route and stop accuracy throughout the release cycle. Meeting the needs of the many departments at each agency added to the complexity of the project.

See More News

Post a Comment

Post Comment

Comments (0)

More From The World's Largest Fleet Publisher

Automotive Fleet

The Car and truck fleet and leasing management magazine

Business Fleet

managing 10-50 company vehicles

Fleet Financials

Executive vehicle management

Government Fleet

managing public sector vehicles & equipment



Work Truck Magazine

The number 1 resource for vocational truck fleets

Schoolbus Fleet

Serving school transportation professionals in the U.S. and Canada

LCT Magazine

Global Resource For Limousine and Bus Transportation

Please sign in or register to .    Close