I recently had the opportunity to view a video that captured what could have been a fatal pedestrian knockdown if contact had occurred. A bus overtaking another bus positioned in the bus stop zone occurs routinely and usually without incident, but if not performed correctly, this type of situation can end with catastrophic results.
Let me set the table:
- Bus curbed (and stationary) in bus stop zone.
- Passenger exits bus utilizing front doors.
- Passenger steps from curb directly in front of bus.
- Passenger begins to attempt to cross the street.
- Bus operator conducting the pass is moving in second lane, left of curbed bus, when the person appears from left front corner of curbed bus.
The actions (described above) taken by the discharged passenger who (in a rush) steps out to cross the street directly in front of a curbed bus happens daily in many cities. What does your agency require your operators to do? More specifically, under what circumstances are your operators permitted to pass and how are they taught to conduct the pass?
It requires coordination between the operator in the curbed bus and the operator of the bus doing the passing. It might be a good time to review your Standard Operating Procedures on this subject to understand how your operators should handle this type of situation.
How many of the following recommended actions, involving both operators, are currently in place at your agency? Perhaps you have other useful actions in place that you can mention and share in the comments section below.
Let's begin with the operator that "will be doing the passing."
- First and foremost, an operator must ask the question just as you do when attempting to pass another vehicle while driving your personal vehicle, "Is the pass necessary?" and “what's to gain from it?”
- Early positioning of the bus a minimum of four feet alongside the curbed bus must be established early on to create a cushion. This cushion will add needed space and time for a startled person to react favorably by moving away from the rapidly approaching bus.
- As the operator of the bus conducting the pass approaches the rear left corner of the curbed bus, the operator must remove their foot from the accelerator and place it over the brake to reduce bus speed in anticipation of a person stepping out from in front of the curbed vehicle.
- In every instance of a bus overtaking another bus, the operator of the bus conducting the pass must assume that someone will step out. Simply sounding the horn is not enough and unless I've been under the ether, I don't know of any buses that automatically slow down or stop by simply sounding the horn.
Much of the burden of a safe pass is obviously on the operator doing the passing, but there is something that the operator of the curbed bus can do. Bus operators are not in the business of directing pedestrians when to proceed. This is a huge no-no. No operator wants to direct someone to cross the street only to have that person struck by another motorist. However, having an active and alert operator in the curbed bus who witnesses someone preparing to step out in front of the bus — while another bus is beginning to overtake them — and then be able to communicate that danger to the operator of the passing bus without sounding the horn — the horn may cause the person to react by moving forward into the path of the moving bus rather then back to the sidewalk — may prevent contact from occurring.
In closing, generally speaking, passing another bus in a bus stop zone should only be permitted:
- When only one route is being serviced by that bus stop and the operator of the overtaking bus can ensure that no one is alighting or no one in the bus zone desires to board their bus.
- When the curbed bus is a "headway" behind schedule, operating on the schedule of the following bus.
Here’s a quick example:
- Schedule departure time of 8:47 am
- Actual arrival time of 8:53 am
- Arriving on time with a schedule departure time of 8:53 am
Passing should not be permitted when a member of supervision is visibly on post in the bus zone area. Operators must enter the zone and stop. This is called "showing respect!"
Louie is the former director of training for the New York City Transit Dept. of Buses Safety & Training Division and 2003 NTI Fellow. Currently, he is sr. consultant/SME in transit training & bus simulation at L-3 D.P. Associates and independent consultant at "Bus Talk" Surface Transit Solutions.
In case you missed it...
Read our previous blog, "Simple, Effective Measures to Reduce Bus Collisions at Your Agency"