For any transit project to thrive, it must be sustainable for the long term. To be sustainable, it must be the right project.
That means the right mode of transit in the right location, implemented the right way. What makes each of these items right varies as widely as does the character of cities. In short, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to designing and building sustainable transit. Nevertheless, the broad strategies by which the right project is developed can be applied universally. Kansas City recently demonstrated some of these strategies with its successful starter streetcar line.
Kansas City’s recipe for the right project has been an initial smash success and has all the earmarks of a sustainable endeavor that will truly thrive. Since revenue service started in May 2016, more than half a million riders have boarded its accessible-for-all vehicles. On Aug. 5 alone, 13,080 riders used the streetcar during the monthly “First Friday” event in the renowned Crossroads Arts District.
Since voters green-lit the project by approving its major funding source in 2012, some $1.7 billion in economic development has initiated around the 2.2-mile streetcar line, nearly a quarter of which has been publicly credited (at least in part) to this new transit amenity that now travels north and south through some of the busiest and oldest parts of the city.
Kansas City’s codified commitment to sustainability is well documented. Among its adopted regulations are: a policy directing city departments to incorporate green solutions into projects and programs; an ordinance requiring building projects to achieve LEED Gold rating (at a minimum); requisite sustainability efforts for projects receiving financial support from the city; and a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% between 2000 and 2020.
Clearly, the city’s policies informed the design of Kansas City Streetcar. But beyond mere compliance, the city’s stance pushed the project to achieve more.
For example, one of its transportation-specific sustainability ordinances established a Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee charged with making recommendations to promote cycling and walking. This longstanding commitment to walkability and bike-ability is reflected in KC Streetcar’s design and integration with its urban surroundings: level boarding allows pedestrians and cyclists to easily board, and the streetcar’s alignment deliberately encourages walking and biking through downtown. The level-boarding and 100% low-floor vehicles also allow equal mobility for wheelchairs and strollers. A fully integrated source of transit, the streetcar offers connections to bike-share stations, regional bus routes and Amtrak.
‘Smart City’ Elements
The city combined the streetcar project with elements of “smart city” implementation. These included energy-saving, pedestrian-detecting streetlights and intersections, and kiosks to keep passengers informed of the next vehicle’s location and ETA. Passengers also enjoy free Wi-Fi along the streetcar route thanks to the city’s partnership with Sprint. These additional amenities are designed to support the city’s focus on Main Street as a key corridor for sustainable economic development, and to foster a sense of community and identity.
Prior to, and during, construction, the city worked extremely diligently with utility providers to ensure no interference in either direction between utility access and streetcar operations. That element of the project’s long-term sustainability was taken another step when the city opted to replace century-old, underground water and sewer lines beneath the alignment.
Project development started in 2011 with an alternatives analysis for what was then a to-be-decided downtown corridor, premium-service transit project. The project’s public participation plan included among its outreach efforts many public meetings and a dedicated website. Social media and regular emails broadcast public updates as the project progressed. The project team published and distributed educational materials and invited public comment.
Stakeholders really were able to have a voice in the planning and design of the line. Each of the streetcar’s 16 stops was moved at least once during the planning and design phases in response to direct stakeholder feedback. A citizens’ committee oversaw the aesthetics of the stops themselves so that each one integrated into the urban fabric of each district. More broadly, a technical advisory committee of stakeholders gave crucial input on all aspects of design decisions, meeting weekly for more than a year.
The community determined its future in a very hands-on way. Feedback was received via electronic and hard-copy sources but the best and biggest source of feedback was face-to-face via public meetings. These were held from block to block in the area surrounding what would become the streetcar corridor. The project team held countless individual stakeholder meetings. More than anything, this direct engagement with community members shaped the project’s alignment, technology and aesthetics.
Through extensive collaboration, the city had laid the foundation for perhaps the most important aspect of sustainability. It had fostered enthusiasm and support for the successful 2012 referendum to create a Transportation Development District (TDD) surrounding the adopted alignment. Once passed, this tax vehicle made sustainable funding possible.
At that point, the path was cleared for final design and the city had taken the first, and biggest, step toward realizing this sustainable transit project. Its strong commitment to sustainability could then inform decisions going forward to ensure maximum impact.
Jennifer Schwaller is a Senior Transportation Planner and Christopher Kinzel is a Traffic & Planning Leader with HDR (www.hdrinc.com). This story originally appeared in Transit Focus.