The Delaware River Port Authority (DRPA), and its subsidiary the Port Authority Transit Corp. (PATCO), turned to an unconventional method to repair its organization.

After noticing its culture suffered from a lack of communication and collaboration, John T. Hanson, CEO of DRPA and president of PATCO, introduced improvisational theatre exercises to bring everyone closer together.

Rebuilding a Reputation

Hanson had been the CFO of DRPA for nine years before stepping into his current role as CEO. During that time, he noticed issues within the organization.

“We saw that it was siloed and compartmentalized, which made communication not so great,” Hanson says. “There were other pressures from the outside, and we did not have the greatest reputation with the public, either.”

Hanson was able to see everything from the top, but he was not the one seeing it as the CEO at the time.

Christina Maroney, director, strategic initiatives, at DRPA, noticed the same problems. 

“From my perspective, it was the support, the camaraderie, and the trust building that started to diminish at some point,” she explains.

Hanson and Maroney’s discussion about these issues led to DRPA’s Lean Government program, which was based on Lean Six Sigma.

According to Purdue University’s official website, five Lean Six principles are:

  • Work for the customer.
  • Find your problem and focus on it.
  • Remove variation and bottlenecks.
  • Communicate clearly and train team members.
  • Be flexible and responsive.

Hanson says the initial launch of this program involved 100 people. However, the Lean Six program was not bringing the change DRPA needed.

Maroney and others approached Hanson, saying change within the organization stalled and the next idea became about forming a leadership group.

The idea of improv was not thought about until Hanson read “To Sell is Human: The Surprising Truth About Moving Others,” by Daniel Pink, and “Group Genius: The Creative Power of Collaboration,” by R. Keith Sawyer.

“The theory is that innovation and creativity are not the result of the inspiration of one great creative thinker,” Hanson says. “Innovation and creativity really comes about as sparks among a group of people who are working together. He [Sawyer] pushes both musical improv and theatrical and dramatic improv.”

Hanson and Maroney built the leadership group sessions around the principles of improv. 

The DRPA CEO took the steps to train in the improv world. Hanson performed with two ensembles with people who were from their early-20s to mid-30s. He brought in improvisers to help facilitate the sessions, and for the past several years the agency has had a part-time improviser on staff.


Taking The Stage

DRPA is not doing improv for the sake of having fun. While fun is a byproduct of the sessions, Hanson calls it “applied improv.” The organization ties the theatrical exercises to a bigger lesson or initiative.

Before introducing improv to DRPA, Hanson learned to focus on others instead of being the star of the show.

“The idea of improv is to make my scene partners look good,” he explains. “You are taught if somebody comes up to you after the show and says, ‘Wow, you are the star,’ well then, you were awful. That is not your job to stand out and make everybody else look bad. Your job is to make the other people look good.”

Hanson’s idea was to apply that lesson to a business. The improv sessions allowed others to build trust by being vulnerable in a structured environment. 

Ricardo DeOliveira, a bridge director at DRPA, admitted he was uncomfortable when the agency approached other employees with the idea of improv.

“I didn’t really understand what improv principles were about,” DeOliveira explains. “After being experienced and exposed to it, I started enjoying it.”

It is hard to see the metrics behind the improv sessions, but DeOliveira could tell they were making a difference. 

"I’ve built so many relationships with people from other departments, and if it wasn’t for those exercises, I would have never had the opportunity to build those kinds of relationships,” DeOliveira says.


The Show Goes On

The improv sessions are paying off within the DRPA/PATCO team, but it’s also paying off within the region. 

“It’s about what we can accomplish on behalf of the region, while developing ourselves and doing what makes us more effective in achieving things,” says Hanson.

DATCO/PATCO now has several projects underway.

In 2021, the DRPA began the largest project in its history, the Ben Franklin Bridge Suspension Span & Anchorage Rehabilitation project. The $216.9 million project includes dehumidifying the main suspension cables, rehabilitation of the North and South walkways, maintenance painting and miscellaneous steel repairs, replacing decorative lighting, and widening the entrance of one of the bridge’s pedestrian walkways.

Before the Ben Franklin Bridge Suspension Span & Anchorage Rehabilitation project, DRPA began a solar energy project, which is expected to provide more than 50% of the total electricity consumption through solar energy for PATCO and the DRPA. The 22-megawatt solar energy project installed more than 50,000 solar panels at eight facilities. 

Another project in the works is the PATCO Franklin Square Station reopening.

PATCO is reopening its Franklin Square Station to provide better transportation access to a growing area in Philadelphia. The $29.3 million project renovates existing infrastructure to enable the station to become fully functional and in line with the existing PATCO stations. The project will address improvements to the station’s civil, structural, mechanical, and electrical systems and provide access in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

These projects are a reflection of the organization’s new reputation.

Hanson says he would recommend applying improv within an organization if they are experiencing what DRPA has in the past.

“I would suggest you get a team together and start to talk about it and learn a little bit about it,” he explains. “Then, you do just what we do. We improvise, you take a step, you pay attention, and you react to it at the top of your intelligence.”

The show must go on for DRPA, but the improv is here to stay. 

The organization is working on another initiative with the All Aboard Program.

“We’ll be hosting in-person sessions with high-level applied improv concepts to advance our culture,” Maroney says. “It’ll be open to all employees at all levels of the organization.”

Employees have expressed interest in the improv sessions, but it’s all about working toward the same goal. 

“We have to do it in a meaningful and purposeful way so that people are getting something,  there are takeaways, and there are outcomes,” Maroney says.