Accessibility

Study finds philanthropists, nonprofits exclude people with disabilities

Posted on April 29, 2019

Nearly three-quarters (72%) of people who work in the social sector say their organizations have made a public commitment to Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) and have policies that prohibit their groups from denying people with disabilities equal opportunity to participate in services and activities. Yet, a new study shows that even among this very well-intentioned group, most foundations and nonprofits aren’t doing enough — if anything — to enable people with disabilities to have the access and accommodations they need to fully participate in the good these groups are doing.

The study, “Disability in Philanthropy & Nonprofits: A Study on the Inclusion and Exclusion of the 1-in-5 People Who Live with a Disability and What You Can Do to Make Things Better” by RespectAbility, a nonpartisan group working on inclusion efforts for people with disabilities, surveyed 969 people who work at nonprofits and foundations, conducted five focus groups, and spoke one-on-one with 14 executives at philanthropy-serving organizations.

To read the full report, click here.

“Philanthropy-serving organizations don’t know what they don’t know and often haven’t even thought about including people with disabilities,” said Jennifer Laszlo Mizrahi, president of RespectAbility. “Even among well-meaning groups who are engaged in a lot on racial and gender equity overall, disability is missing.”

For example:

  • Only 14% say their organizations use video captions to ensure people who are deaf or hard of hearing can use the content. Captioning services are easy to use and often free and yet 86% are not even attempting to take advantage of such tools.
  • Similarly, just 30% of respondents say their organizations enable people with disabilities to request accommodations like sign language interpreters on event registration forms. Asking about accommodations sends a clear signal that people with disabilities are welcome and that inclusion is a consideration, yet 70% say their organizations do not make this effort.
  • In addition, only 59% say their events always are held in physically accessible spaces.

What keeps these seemingly supportive and innovative organizations from doing even the bare minimum? According to the survey, bias is the top reason, cited by more than one-third (36%) of respondents themselves. Whether overt or implicit, prejudice against people with disabilities is a significant barrier to meaningful inclusion efforts. Additionally, few in positions of power are specifically asking that organizations make including people with disabilities a priority. This means funders and others in leadership positions are not requiring or even suggesting that attention be paid to disability inclusion.

The study also sheds light on what is working in the social sector. Specifically, having a DEI policy that calls out disability as an area of focus, and including people with disabilities in board, leadership, and/or staff positions, makes a big difference. Whether the policies come before the practice or vice versa is not clear from the data, but the correlation is unmistakable. By every measure, groups that are explicit about disability inclusion as a priority and groups with disability representation within their ranks are more likely to be taking action.

However, some nonprofits are starting to hire people with disabilities.

  • In 2017, 826,824 workers with disabilities had jobs with nonprofit organizations.
  • The disability employment rate among nonprofit employers increased from 8.9% to 9.1% between 2016 and 2017.
  • There were about 33,922 new nonprofit jobs for people with disabilities in 2017. (Roughly 30% of new jobs for PWDs overall).
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